How to become Gynecologist: A Comprehensive Guide

Updated on January 10, 2024


Becoming a gynecologist takes many years of education and training, but it can be a rewarding career helping care for women’s reproductive health. First, you must complete a four-year bachelor’s degree, typically in a science field like biology or chemistry. After obtaining your bachelor’s degree, you need to finish four more years of medical school and obtain your medical degree. Subsequently, you must complete a four-year OB-GYN residency program to gain hands-on training. Finally, you may pursue a fellowship for another one to four years, focusing on a gynecology subspecialty like reproductive endocrinology or gynecologic oncology. With hard work and dedication throughout over a decade of education, you can achieve the dream of becoming a gynecologist.

What is a Gynecologist?

A gynecologist is a doctor who specializes in women’s reproductive health. Gynecologists have extensive training in anatomy, physiology, pathology, pharmacology, and related disciplines about the female reproductive system.

Specifically, gynecologists treat conditions and diseases of the female reproductive organs, including the vagina, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. They provide care and screening tests related to puberty, menstruation, fertility, pregnancy, menopause, and many other aspects of women’s health.

Gynecologists can serve as women’s primary care providers or work alongside physicians to provide specialized reproductive care. Some common conditions they treat include polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), endometriosis, ovarian cysts, pelvic pain, abnormal bleeding, and more.

In addition to medical expertise, gynecologists offer preventive care through regular well-woman exams, STI testing, Pap tests to screen for cervical cancer, and discussions about contraception, family planning, and healthy lifestyle habits related to diet, exercise, and mental health. Their role is to help women take charge of their reproductive health and well-being.

What do gynecologists do?

Gynecologists are physicians who specialize in women’s reproductive health. As female anatomy and physiology experts, gynecologists provide a wide range of medical care and services related to the female reproductive system.

In addition to handling reproductive health and diseases, gynecologists provide women with general preventive care and health screening. They help women manage menopause, offer counseling on sexuality and family planning, and more. Many women see a gynecologist as their primary care provider throughout their lifespan.

Educational Requirements for Becoming a Gynecologist?

Earn a Bachelor’s Degree

The first step toward becoming a gynecologist is earning a bachelor’s degree at an accredited four-year college or university. Common majors for aspiring gynecologists include biology, chemistry, biochemistry, or pre-med. However, any major is acceptable if you complete the prerequisite courses for medical school. These prerequisites typically include biology, chemistry, organic chemistry, physics, math, and English.

Complete Medical School

After earning a bachelor’s degree, the next educational requirement is to complete four years of medical school and earn either a Medical Doctor (MD) or Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (DO) degree. Gaining acceptance to medical school is competitive, with applicants needing to submit transcripts, letters of recommendation, admissions test scores from the MCAT exam, and more. Once enrolled, the first two years focus on classroom instruction in areas like pathology, biochemistry, anatomy, medical ethics, and more. The final two years are spent gaining hands-on clinical experience in various medical specialties through clerkship rotations.

Postgraduate Training for Gynecologists

After finishing medical school, the next steps include:

Optional Further Training:

Becoming a practicing gynecologist requires immense training and hard work. But the opportunity to provide quality care and improve women’s health makes the effort incredibly rewarding. The skills and fulfillment make gynecology an excellent choice for those dedicated to advancing women’s medicine.

Licensure and Certification

After finishing medical school and residency, aspiring gynecologists must pass a licensing examination to practice medicine. The American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ABOG) administers a comprehensive test to assess knowledge, judgment, and skills required for quality care in the specialty. Most states also require a state medical license, which involves passing an examination, background checks, and paying licensing fees.

Board certification demonstrates exceptional expertise in a specialty. Gynecologists can pursue voluntary board certification through the ABOG after completing the licensing process. Board-certified gynecologists must pass an exam and meet other requirements indicating advanced knowledge and commitment to lifelong learning in women’s health. They must renew their board certification periodically through further examination, clinical practice requirements, and continuing education.

Skills and Qualities of a Successful Gynecologist

Becoming a licensed gynecologist requires significant education and training. Following residency, prospective gynecologists must pass a licensing examination to practice medicine. Board certification is an additional credential demonstrating in-depth specialty expertise and up-to-date knowledge. Meeting these qualifications ensures gynecologists are fully prepared to provide competent care to women across their lifespans.

Gynecologist Salary

Years of Experience Average Salary
0-5 years $150,000
6-10 years $175,000
11-15 years $200,000
16-20 years $225,000
20+ years $250,000+

Career Opportunities and Advancement

There are diverse career paths with abundant leadership opportunities for gynecologists driven to advance their skills. After training, gynecologists may:

Private Practice

Physician Group Practices

Hospital and Health Systems

Academic Medicine

Additional fellowship training enables subspecialists, like those focused on REI or gynecologic oncology, to oversee related programs and services after certification.

The Bureau of Labor Statistics projects much faster than average 18% job growth for gynecologists from 2016-2026. Overall, gynecology provides strong prospects to grow professionally and assume leadership positions through capability building.


Pursuing a career as a gynecologist requires immense dedication through over a decade of education – a bachelor’s degree, four years of medical school, four-year OB/GYN residency, and potentially 1-2 year fellowships. However the extensive training leads to a vital role improving women’s wellbeing by conducting exams, diagnosing conditions, performing surgeries, and assisting female patients through major life stages. Gynecologists positively impact patients through their medical care and advice. With determination to advance women’s health and a commitment to many years of specialized education, a career in gynecology can be extremely rewarding. Resources from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists help guide prospective students toward this fulfilling field.

Additional Resources

Organization Description Website
American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) Provides extensive information on education and training requirements
American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology Outlines certification processes and requirements to become board certified
Association of Professors of Gynecology and Obstetrics Lists accredited obstetrics and gynecology residency programs
Doximity Residency Navigator Helpful tool for comparing residency programs side-by-side
Volunteering and Shadowing Opportunities Provides hands-on exposure to the field through local hospitals and clinics
Informational Interviews with Practicing OB/GYNs Gain insights from professionals in the field
American Medical Women’s Association (AMWA) Offers mentoring programs and resources for aspiring gynecologists
American Medical Association (AMA) Provides resources and support for individuals pursuing a career in medicine


How much education do you need to become a gynecologist?
To become a gynecologist, you typically need to complete 4 years of undergraduate education to obtain a bachelor’s degree, followed by 4 years of medical school resulting in a Doctor of Medicine (MD) or Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (DO) degree. After medical school, you must complete a 4-year residency program in obstetrics and gynecology. Many gynecologists also complete 1-2 year fellowships for additional specialty training in areas like reproductive endocrinology, gynecologic oncology, or maternal-fetal medicine. The total time in school and training is typically 12-15 years after high school.

What is the average salary for a gynecologist?
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the average annual salary for obstetricians and gynecologists was [$208,000]( in 2020. Those working in a physician’s office setting tend to earn less, with an average salary of $237,000 per year, while those based in hospitals earn around $208,000. Salaries can vary based on factors like location, years of experience, and subspecialty.

What type of experience is required to become a gynecologist?
After finishing medical training, prospective gynecologists must complete a 4-year residency program focused on women’s reproductive health. This hands-on clinical training provides experience in areas like labor and delivery, surgical procedures, annual exams, and more. Some gynecologists pursue competitive 1-2 year fellowships for additional training in subspecialties. Obtaining strong experience in both medical and surgical management is key in this field.

What are the day-to-day job duties of a gynecologist?
A gynecologist’s daily work involves providing preventive, primary, and specialty care for female patients. This includes conducting routine women’s health exams, providing contraception/family planning services, performing screening tests, treating infections and other conditions, providing prenatal/postpartum care, and more. Gynecologists also perform surgical procedures like hysterectomies, laparoscopies, and cesarean sections. Workdays may be divided between office visits, surgeries, labor and delivery duties, and administrative tasks.